The employment of children and young persons is covered by a number of pieces of legislation. In legal terms a ‘child’ is someone not over the compulsory school age of 16. A ‘young person’ is someone who has ceased to be a child but is under the age of 18. In law ‘a minor’ is a person under the age of 18 years.
No child may be employed whether paid or not if he or she is under the age of 14 years, or for any work other than light work.
There are restrictions on the number of hours children can work, particularly on school days, and before children and young persons start work their employers are obliged to assess the risks to their heath and safety, taking special account of factors such as their inexperience and immaturity, and the extent of training provided.
The Working Time Regulations 1998 also apply different restrictions to the working hours and entitlement to work breaks of young workers compared with adult workers.
The guidance on this site is intended mainly for employers and business owners, because Lawrite, which publishes this site, is a provider of HR and legal support services to employers.
If you are an employee looking for help with a problem at work, please follow the link below for more information for employees and where you can find an employment law guide written specifically for employees, explaining your rights at work, how the employment tribunal system works, how the law protects you against discrimination at work, and other useful information:
Download the Lawrite Employment Law Documents package for templates for employment contracts, contractor agreements, HR policies and procedures in staff handbooks, HR letters, health and safety policies and statutory statements, employment law and health and safety law guides, with legal updates included in annual subscription, from just £125 a year.
The Lawrite Employment Law Service - from £295 a year - also includes unlimited telephone legal advice from employment lawyers.
Free pdf e-book for employers, business owners and managers about HR, employment law and your business.